The federal state of Salzburg is no doubt the best place to know the Austrian heritage and the history of Austria . Salzburg is the fourth largest but the most attractive city of Austria. The unique “Baroque Architecture” unprecedentedly symbolizes the glory of the old town. Similarly the scenic beauty of the “Hohe Tauern National Park” and the countryside areas of Salzburg further enhance the grace of this city.
Salzburg is truly considered the most significant cultural and spiritual Centrum of Austria. Salzburg has enjoyed its separate entity and it has been governed by a prince-archbishop. It is the only one of the various religious territories of the Holy Roman Empire which is still existing as an independent state. The capital city of the State of Salzburg (Land Salzburg), is comprising of three universities. The main population of the capital consists of the students who are studying in these universities. Salzburg is located on the banks of the Salzach River. The city looks so marvelous being existed on the awesome location of Alps. Although the volume of Salzburg is not too big , yet it keeps in itself the abundance of character and is filled with panoramic features
Salzburg is holding the world famous Salzburg Festival yearly for almost one century. In this festival the operas, musical concerts, and theater are organized in different parts of the city. This festival was initiated by Hugo von Hoffmansthal, Max Reinhardt and Richard Strauss in 1920. It starts every year in the month of July and lasts till the end of August.
Schloss Hellbrunn, Fürstenweg remained the summer palace of the Archbishops of Salzburg which is specially known for its wonderful fountains. This place is surrounded by fantastic gardens. Salzburg was also the birthplace of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozarts Geburtshaus was the residence of Mozart which is nowadays a popular museum dedicated to Mozart and his family. There is also the legendary Hohensalzburg Fortress which offers breath-taking views of Salzburg and the Alps to the visitors. There is a museum of medieval weapons, life on the fortress, and torture instruments inside the fortress.
Salzburg’s “Old Town” (Altstadt) was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 due to its best preserved Baroque architecture. This architecture was called baroque because it was considered very odd. Baroque architecture evolved out of Renaissance architecture in Europe. It is not easy to describe the beauty of the federal state of Salzburg in a short article, as the city holds numerous tremendous features in itself.